Fisheries Council of Canada | Glossary of Species
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Glossary of Species

(species that dwell on or near the sea bottom)

Blackcod/Sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria)
Catfish, Atlantic (Anarhichas lupus)

Cod

  • Atlantic (Gadus morhua)
  • Pacific (Gadus macrocephalus)
  • Cusk (Brosme brosme)

Flounder/Sole

  • American Plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides)
  • English (Parophrys vetulus)
  • Rock (Lepidopsetta bilineata)
  • Summer (Paralichthys dentatus)
  • Winter (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)
  • Witch (Glyptocephalus cynoglossus)
  • Yellowtail (Limanda ferruginea)
  • Grenadier, Roundnose (Coryphaenoides rupestris)
  • Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)

Hake

  • Red (Urophycis chuss)
  • Pacific (Merluccius productus)
  • Silver (Merluccius bilinearis)
  • White (Uropycis tenuis)

Halibut

  • Atlantic (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)
  • Greenland (Turbot) (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides)
  • Pacific (Hippoglossus stenolepis)
  • Monkfish (Lophius americanus)

Pollock

  • Atlantic (Pollachius virens)
  • Alaskan (Theragra chalcogramma)
  • Redfish (Sebastes marinus)

Rockfish

  • Canary (Sebastes pinniger)
  • Pacific Ocean Perch (Sebastes alutus)
  • Silvergrey (Sebastes brevispinis)
  • Yelloweye (Sebastes ruberrimus)

Skate

  • Smooth (Raja senta)
  • Thorny (Raja radiata)

(lake fish or fish found in ponds and slow-moving rivers & streams)

Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus)
Trout, Lake (Salvelinus namaycush)
Tullibee/Cisco (Coregonus artedii)
Walleye/Pickerel (Stizostedion vitreum)
Whitefish, Lake (Coregonus clupeaformis)
Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens)

Dulse (Rhodymenia, palmata)
Irish Moss (Chondrus crispus)
Rockweed (Fucus sp, Ascophyllum sp.)

(highly migratory and/or schooling fish that migrate in coastal waters)

Alewife/Gaspereau (Alosa pseudoharengus)
Capelin (Mallotus villosus)
Eel, American (Anguilla rostrata)

Herring

  • Atlantic (Clupea harengus harengus)
  • Pacific (Clupea harengus pallasii)
  • Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus)
  • Mackerel, Atlantic (Scomber scombrus)

Salmon

  • Atlantic (Salmo salar)
  • Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
  • Chum (Oncorhynchus keta)
  • Coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch)
  • Pink (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)
  • Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka)

Shark

  • Blue (Pironace glauca)
  • Dogfish (Squalus acanthias)
  • Mako (Isurus oxyrinchus)
  • Porbeagle (Lamna nasus)
  • Silverside (Menidia menidia)
  • Smelt, American (Osmerus eperianus mordax)
  • Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)
  • Tuna, Bluefin (Thunnus thynnus)

(shellfish)

Abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana)

Clam

  • Bar (Spisula solidisima)
  • Geoduck (Panopea generosa)
  • Horse (Tresus capax and Tresus nuttalli)
  • Razor (Ensis directus)
  • Stimpson Surf (Spisula polynyma)
  • Butter (Saxidomus giganteus)
  • Littleneck (Protothaca staminea)
  • Manila (Tapes philippinarum)
  • Soft-Shell (Mya arenaria)
  • Quahaug (Mercenaria mercenaria)

Crab

  • Dungeness (Cancer magister)
  • Jonah (Cancer borealis)
  • Queen or Snow (Chionecetes opilio)
  • Rock (Cancer irroratus)
  • Spider (Hyas coarctatus)
  • Toad (Hyas araneus)
  • Lobster (Homarus americanus)
  • Mussel, Blue (Mytilus edulis)

Oyster

  • American (Crassostrea virginica)
  • Pacific (Crassostrea gigas)

Scallops

  • Sea (Placopecten magellanicus)
  • Icelandic (Chlamys islandica)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis)

Shrimp

  • Pink (Pandalus borealis)
  • Side-stripe (Pandalopsis dispar)
  • Spot (Pandalus platyceros)
  • Squid (Illex illecebrosus)
  • Whelk (Buccinum undatum)